Income Tax Appellate Tribunal – Mumbai
Exxon Mobil Company India P.Ltd, … vs Addl Cit Rg 3(1)), Mumbai on 23 May, 2018 आयकर अपीलीय अिधकरण, अिधकरण मुंबई “केके ” खंडपीठ Income-tax Appellate Tribunal -“K”Bench Mumbai सव ी राजे ,ले लेखा सद य एवं, संदीप गोसांई, याियक सद य Before S/Shri Rajendra,Accountant Member and Sandeep Gosain,Judicial Member आयकर अपील सं./I.T.A./3601/Mum/2014,िनधा िनधा रण वष /Assessment Year: 2008-09
ExxonMobil Company India Private Addl. CIT-Range-3(1)
Limited Aayakar Bhavan
Kalpataru Point, Plot No.107, Mumbai. Vs.
Ground Floor, Road No.8
Sion (East), Mumbai-400 022.
PAN:AAACE 3157 H (अपीलाथ /Appellant) ( यथ / Respondent) Revenue by: Dr. Saurabh Deshpande-DR Assessee by: Shri Girish Dave & Ms. Kadambari Dave सुनवाई क तारीख / Date of Hearing: 22/03/2018 घोषणा क तारीख / Date of Pronouncement: 23/05/2018 आयकर अिधिनयम,1961 अिधिनयम क धारा 254(1)के के अ
तग त आदे श Order u/s.254(1)of the Income-tax Act,1961(Act) लेखा सद य, सद य राजे के अनुसार-
ार PER RAJENDRA, AM-
Challenging the order,dated 27/03/2014,of the CIT(A)-15 Mumbai the Assessee has filed the
present appeal.Assessee- company is engaged in the business of market development,
dissemination of product information of specialty chemicals and polymers, research and
development activities, providing onsite and back office support services. It filed its return of
income on 26/09.2008 declaring total income of Rs.36.68 crores. Assessment was completed
on 13/02/2012 determining the total income of the assessee at Rs.44.92 crores u/s. 143(3)
r.w.s. 144C(3) of the Act.
2.First ground of appeal is about confirming the disallowance on an estimated basis of an
amount of Rs.4.33 lakhs, being 25% of the entertainment expenditure of Rs. 17.32 lakhs on
the ground that same was incurred for non-business purposes.
2.1.It was brought to our notice that while deciding the appeal for the assessment year 2007 –
08 (ITA/6708/Mumbai/2011, dated 21/02/2018) the Tribunal had dealt with the identical
issue.We are reproducing relevant portion of order and it reads as under:
37. In ground no.3, the assessee has challenged the disallowance of entertainment expenditure of Rs. 3,44,138.
38. Brief facts are, while framing the draft assessment, the Assessing Officer noticed that the assessee has debited an amount of Rs. 13,76,552 on account of entertainment 3601/M/14 ExxonMobil Company India Private Limited expenses. After calling for the necessary details, he found that most of these expenses are in the nature of payment made to various hotels towards lunch and dinner of various persons. Alleging that the assessee failed to provide specific reason / purpose for which such expenditure was incurred the Assessing Officer disallowed 25% out of such expenses on ad-hoc basis which worked out to Rs. 3,44,138. 39. The DRP also sustained the disallowance taking note of the fact that in assessment year 2006-07, similar disallowance was upheld by them.
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42. We have heard rival contentions and perused the material available on record. As could be seen, the Assessing Officer disallowed 25% of the expenditure claimed on ad- hoc basis alleging that the assessee failed to explain the purpose for which such expenditure was incurred. It is also evident that the disallowance was made taking note of the fact that similar disallowance was also made in the assessment year 2006-07. In our view, only because the disallowance of similar nature was made in assessment year 2006-07 either for lack of evidence or some other reasons and the assessee accepted it, disallowance cannot be made in subsequent assessment years. If the assessee through proper documentary evidence is able to prove the genuineness of the expenses, there is no reason to disallow the same. In the facts of the present case, it appears that in the course of assessment proceedings, the assessee did produce sufficient documentary evidences to prove the genuineness of the expenses. However, without properly examining the evidence brought on record, the Assessing Officer has disallowed part of expenditure that too on ad-hoc basis. DRP has also simply relying upon the fact that similar disallowance was made in assessment year 2006-07 has upheld the disallowance. There being no basis for disallowance of part of the expenses, we delete the disallowance made by the Assessing Officer. This ground is allowed.”
Following the above,we decide first ground of appeal in favour of the assessee.
3.Next ground is about disallowance made under section 40, amounting to Rs.1.28 crores.It
was brought to our notice,that identical issue was adjudicated in favour of the assessee by the
Tribunal,while deciding the appeal for the AY.2007-08(supra).We are reproducing the
relevant portion of the order:
43. In ground no.4.1 to 4.4, the assessee has challenged disallowance of Rs. 1,25,60,485 under section 40(a)(i) of the Act.
44. Brief facts are, during the assessment proceedings, the Assessing Officer noticed that in the relevant previous year, the assessee had paid an amount of Rs. 1,93,17,325 to M/s. ExxonMobil Chemical Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd., Singapore, (for short “EMCAP”) towards global support service fees. Further, he found that out of the aforesaid amount, the assessee has deducted tax on an amount of Rs. 67,56,840, while not doing so in respect of Rs. 1,25,60,485. He, therefore, called upon the assessee to explain the reason for not withholding tax on part of the payment made to EMCAP. In response, it was submitted by the assessee that EMCAP is a non-resident and does not have a P.E. in India. Services were rendered outside India, hence, the payment made cannot be considered as income deemed to accrue or arising in India in view of section 9(1)(i) of the Act. Without prejudice to the aforesaid submissions, the learned Counsel for the assessee submitted that the payment made is not liable for TDS in view of the specific provisions of India Singapore tax treaty as per which fees for technical services is taxable in the hands of the recipients only in case of transfer of technology.
The Assessing Officer, however, did not find merit in any of the submissions made by the assessee. He observed that the payment made by the assessee is in the nature of fees for
2 3601/M/14 ExxonMobil Company India Private Limited technical services as defined in Explanation-2 to section 9(1)(vii) of the Act, as EMCAP
has rendered services of highly technical nature involving in drawing and research. He
further observed, since, EMCAP earned such fees by virtue of its business connection in
India it is liable to be taxed in India. Therefore, the assessee was required to withhold the
tax while making such payments. As far as the contention of the assessee that the payment
made is not subject to TDS in view of specific provision of the tax treaty between India
and Singapore, the Assessing Officer observed that the service rendered by EMCAP are
crucial in carrying out the business activity and while rendering such service EMCAP
had made available the technical skill and expertise to the assessee. Further, the
Assessing Officer observed that the assessee under the provision of section 195 of the Act
was duty bound to deduct tax at source while making the payment. It was not for the
assessee to decide the taxability of income at the hands of EMCAP in India. Thus, the
Assessing Officer disallowed the amount of ` 1,25,60,485. Being aggrieved of such
disallowance, assessee raised objections before the DRP.
45. However, the DRP, did not find merit in the submissions of the assessee and
confirmed the disallowance made by the Assessing Officer except the reimbursement of
expenditure amounting to Rs. 6,72,753. In view of the aforesaid direction, of the DRP, the
addition was made final by the Assessing Officer in the impugned assessment order. 46.
Learned counsel for the assessee submitted that by virtue of an agreement entered with
EMCAP on 1st January 2003, the assessee received certain services from the said
company. Drawing our attention to the details of services rendered by EMCAP and
nature thereof, the learned counsel for the assessee submitted that since the payment
made towards Global Information System (GIS) amounting to Rs. 67,56,840 was in the
nature of royalty as provided under section 9(1)(vi) and Article-12 of India-Singapore
Tax Treaty, the assessee deducted tax at source. However, as far as payment made
towards global support service amounting to Rs. 1,25,60,485, the assessee did not deduct
tax at source, since, such payment was not in the nature of fees for technical services.
Inviting the attention of Bench to the exact nature of global support service provided by
EMCAP as described in schedule to the agreement, the learned counsel for the assessee
submitted they are administrative service in the nature of controller, treasurers, public
affairs, tax, human resources, law, safety, health and environment services, medical
security, business procurement, business line, etc., which cannot be considered to be in
the nature of fees for technical services as defined under Explanation-2 to section
9(1)(vii) of the Act He submitted that as per the agreement, the EMCAP has to charge on
cost-to-cost basis without any mark-up. He submitted, the payment made, since, is
towards reimbursement of expenditure withholding of tax was not necessary. Further, he
submitted that since the assessee has made short deduction of tax and it is not a case of
no deduction disallowance under section 40(a)(i) of the Act cannot be made. Without
prejudice to the aforesaid contention, the learned counsel for the assessee submitted that
as per Article- 12(4)(b) of India Singapore tax treaty fee for technical service means
payment of any kind to any person in consideration for service of managerial, technical
or consulting nature if such services make available technical knowledge, experience,
skill, knowhow, process which enables the person acquiring the services to apply
technology contained therein. Learned counsel for the assessee submitted, firstly, the
support service provided by EMCAP cannot be regarded as technical services and
secondly; if they are considered as managerial or consultancy services they do not make
available technical knowledge, expertise, knowhow, skill or process so as to enable the
person acquiring the services to apply the technology contained therein. Learned counsel
for the assessee submitted that, since, the treaty provisions override the domestic law, as
per the provisions of treaty payment made cannot be regarded as fees for technical 3 3601/M/14 ExxonMobil Company India Private Limited service. He submitted that the Assessing Officer has failed to establish that the services
availed by the assessee has enabled it to apply the technology contained therein. Learned
counsel for the assessee submitted, once the payment made is not treated as fees for
technical service under Article-12(4)(b) of the tax treaty it cannot be taxed at the hands
of EMCAP in view of Article-7 of the tax treaty as it has no P.E. in India. Learned
counsel for the assessee submitted, the expression “make available” would mean
recipient of such service would derive an enduring benefit and utilise knowledge or
knowhow on his own in future without the aid of the service provider. He submitted, if the
terms of the agreement were carefully analysed it does not authorise the assessee to
utilise any technology, knowledge or knowhow on his own in future without the aid of
service provider. In support of his contention, learned counsel for the assessee relied
upon the decision of the Hon’ble Karnataka High Court in CIT v/s De Beers India
Mineral Pvt. Ltd., [2012] 21 taxmann.com 214 (Kar.). Learned counsel submitted, the
agreement with EMCAP in terms of which the global support service fee was paid is
continuing from the year 2003 and in the preceding assessment years, though, similar
nature of payment was made to EMCAP no disallowance was made under section
40(a)(i) for non-deduction of tax. Therefore, applying rule of consistency no
disallowance should be made in the impugned assessment year.
47. Learned Departmental Representative strongly supporting the reasoning of the
Assessing Officer and the DRP submitted that the services rendered by EMCAP to
assessee involves transfer of technology which is evident from the fact that training is
provided to the employees of the assessee to apply such technology. Learned
Departmental Representative referring to Article-5 of India Singapore tax treaty the
assessee does have a P.E. in India since it maintains a research facility at Bangalore. In
support of this contention, the learned Departmental Representative relied upon the
following decisions:-
i) G.V.K. Industries Ltd. v/s ITO, [1998] 96 Taxman 179 (AP)
ii) Foster Wheeler France S.A. v/s DDIT, ITA no.774/Mds./2014, order dated 05.02.2016; and
iii) U.S. Technology Resources Pvt. Ltd. v/s ACIT, IT no.222/Coch./ 2013, order dated 28.09.2013.
48. We have heard rival contentions and perused material on record. We have also
applied our mind to the decisions relied upon. It is evident, while disallowing the amount
in dispute under section 40(a)(i) of the Act, the Assessing Officer has held that the
payment made by the assessee to EMCAP towards Global support services is in the
nature of fees for technical service as defined under Explanation-2 to section 9(1)(vii) of
the Act. It is also relevant to note, under Article-12 of India Singapore tax treaty, fees for
technical services, though, is taxable in the hands of the recipient in Singapore, however,
it can also be taxed in India under certain circumstances. Applying the said provision, it
is necessary to determine whether the payment made can at all be termed as fee for
technical services as defined under Article- 12 of India Singapore Tax Treaty. In our
considered opinion, we have to address this issue at the very outset. Article-12(4) of
India Singapore tax treaty defines fee for technical services as under:-
“12.4 the term “fees for technical “services” as used in this Article means payments of any kind to any person in consideration of services of a managerial, technical or consultancy nature (including the provision of such services through technical or other personnel) if such services: (a) are ancillary and subsidiary to the application or enjoyment of the right, property or information for which a payment described in paragraph 3 is received; or (b) make available technical knowledge, experience, skill, know-how or processes, which enables the person acquiring the services to apply the 4 3601/M/14 ExxonMobil Company India Private Limited technology contained therein; or (c) consist of the development and transfer of a technical plan or technical design, but excludes any service that does not enable the person acquiring the service to apply the technology contained therein.”
49. The Assessing Officer has treated the payment made as fees for technical services on
the reasoning that under the agreement EMCAP has made available managerial and
technical services to the assessee. The expression “make available” which also appears
in Article 12(4)(b) of the India-US tax treaty would mean the recipient of such service is
able to apply or make use of the technical knowledge, knowhow, etc., by himself in his
business or for his own benefit and without recourse to the service provider in future and
for this purpose a transaction of the technical knowledge, experience, skills, etc., from the
service provider to the service recipient is necessary. Some sort of durability
49. The Assessing Officer has treated the payment made as fees for technical services on
the reasoning that under the agreement EMCAP has made available managerial and
technical services to the assessee. The expression “make available” which also appears
in Article 12(4)(b) of the India-US tax treaty would mean the recipient of such service is
able to apply or make use of the technical knowledge, knowhow, etc., by himself in his
business or for his own benefit and without recourse to the service provider in future and
for this purpose a transaction of the technical knowledge, experience, skills, etc., from the
service provider to the service recipient is necessary. Some sort of durability or
permanency of the result of the rendering of services is envisaged which will remain at
the disposal of the service recipient. In other words, the technical knowledge, experience,
skill, etc., must remain with the service recipient even after the rendering of the services
has come to an end. In contrast to Article-12(4)(b) of the India-U.S. tax treaty, Article-
12(4)(b) of India-Singapore tax treaty has made it more specific by providing that
technical knowledge, experience, skill, knowhow or process, would not amount to fees for
technical service unless it enables the person acquiring the service to apply the
technology therein. A perusal of the agreement between the assessee and EMCAP makes
it clear that as per the terms of the agreement EMCAP would provide management
consulting, functional advice, administrative, technical, professional and other support
services to the assessee either itself or through any affiliate or through third parties.
However, there is nothing in the agreement to conclude that in the course of such
provision of service, EMCAP has made available any technical knowledge experience,
skill, knowhow, or process which enables the assessee to apply the technology contained
therein on its own without the aid of EMCAP. The Hon’ble Karnataka High Court while
explaining the true import of expression “make available” in case of De Beers India
Mineral Pvt. Ltd.(supra) has observed as under:-
“What is the meaning of “make available”. The technical or consultancy service rendered should be of such a nature that it “makes available” to the recipient technical knowledge, know-how and the like. The service should he aimed at and result in transmitting technical knowledge, etc., so that the payer of the service could derive an enduring benefit and utilize the knowledge or know-how on his own in future without the aid of the service provider. In other words, to fit into the terminology “making available”, the technical knowledge, skill, etc., must remain with the person receiving the services even after the particular contract comes to an end. It is not enough that the services offered are the product of intense technological effort and a lot of technical knowledge and experience of the service provider have gone into it. The technical knowledge or skills of the provider should he imparted to and absorbed by the receiver so that the receiver can deploy similar technology or techniques in the future without depending upon the provider. Technology will be considered “made available’ when the person acquiring the service is enabled to apply the technology.

5
3601/M/14 ExxonMobil Company India Private Limited The fact that the provision of the service that may require technical knowledg e, skills, etc., does not mean that technology is made available to the person purchasing inc service, within the meaning of paragraph (4)(b). Similarly, the use of a product which embodies technology shall not per se be considered to make the technology available, in other words, payment of consideration would be regarded as “fees for technical/included services” only if the twin test of rendering services and making technical knowledge available at the same time is satisfied.”
50. A careful analysis of the observations of the High Court, makes it clear that “make available” not only would mean that recipient of the service is in a position to derive an enduring benefit out of utilisation of the knowledge or knowhow on his own in future without the aid of the service provider but such technical knowledge, skill, knowhow, etc., must remain with the recipient even after the contract comes to an end. The Court has observed, the technology will be considered to have been made available when the person acquiring the service enable him to apply the technology. Further, the Court went on to hold that the payment can be considered as fees for technical services only if the twin test of rendering service and making technical knowledge available at the same time is satisfied. If we apply the aforesaid tests laid down by the Hon’ble Karnataka High Court to the facts of the present case it becomes clear that it has not been established on record that while rendering the services, EMCAP has made available technical knowledge, knowhow, skill, etc., to the assessee in a manner to enable him to apply them independently or on its own. Therefore, the payment made by the assessee cannot be considered as fees for technical services as defined under Article 12(4)(b) of the India- Singapore tax treaty and for this reason also we do not have to examine taxability of the same under section 9(1)(vii) of the Act. Moreover, it is a fact on record that the payment of global support service fee was made under the agreement which has continued from the year 2003. It is a matter of record that in the preceding assessment years though the assessee has paid global support service fees to EMCAP without deducting tax at source, no disallowance under section 40(a)(i) was ever made. Therefore, there being no difference in facts in the impugned assessment year, considering that the payment was made under the same contract, even, applying the rule of consistency, no disallowance under section 40(a)(i) can be made in the impugned assessment year. Accordingly, we delete the disallowance made by the Assessing Officer. These grounds are allowed.”
Respectfully,following the above,we decide ground no.2 in favour of the assessee.

4.Third ground of appeal is about reconciliation of AIS payment of sales tax/professional
tax.During the assessment proceedings,the AO provided the assessee with the AIR
information and asked it to reconcile it.The assessee stated that part of the transactions did
not belong to it.The AO further provided details to the assessee in that regard.The AO,after
considering the reconciliation filed by the assessee observed that it had not reconciled the
figures of sales tax/professional tax payments, that there was some mixing up of details
between the assessee and its group companies,that it would extend different kind of support
services to the group companies including marketing and sales of the products.As per the AO
the assessee had not reconciled the sales tax /professional tax figures.So,he added the entire
un-reconciled amount i.e.Rs.3.32 crores to the total income of the assessee.
6
3601/M/14 ExxonMobil Company India Private Limited 4.1.Aggrieved by the order of the AO,the assessee preferred an appeal before the First
Appellate Authority(FAA)and made detailed submissions.After considering the available
material,the FAA held that the assessee had partly reconciled the figures of sales tax/profess –
ional tax,that it had failed to reconcile the AIR information , that AO was justified in making
the addition.
4.2.Before us,it was argued that the assessee had not made any sales during the year,that
question of making payment of sales tax to the central /state governments would not arise,
that it had paid professional tax of Rs.1.57 lakhs, that it had also paid entry tax of Rs.1.76
lakhs,that there were certain difficulties in verification, that in the AIS Statement amount was
reflected against Sales tax Department/Professional tax department,that it was not clear as to
whether the payment was under the central sales tax or state sales tax,that it had not made any
payment to sub brokers during the year under consideration as alleged by the AO, that the
AO was requested to cross check the details of payment with the concerned department /
agency before making addition,that the AO did not make any enquiry in that regard, that
there was no mixing up of details between assessee and its group entities, that the assessee
was engaged in the business of market development, research etc., that additions should not
have been made merely on the basis of AIR without bringing any evidence on record,that the
AO had not provided necessary details to the assessee though a specific request was made,
that assessee had not made any sales during the year,that question of making payment under
the head sales tax would not arise. He referred to page no.216-218 of the paper book. The DR
supported the order of the FAA.
4.3.We have heard the rival submissions and perused the material before us. We find that AO
had made an addition of Rs.3.32 crores to the income of the assessee because of the failure of
assessee to reconcile the sales tax/professional tax payment,that the assessee had specifically
stated that during the year under consideration no sales were made, that it had requested the
AO to furnish further information in that regard.In our opinion AIR is a good starting point to
make further investigation,but the information is not conclusive especially when the assessee
challenges it.In the case before us, the AO/FAA has not brought on record sufficient evidence
to prove that claim made by the assessee was factually incorrect. In these circumstances we
are of the opinion that matter needs further investigation.So,in the interest of justice we are
restoring back the issue to the file of AO for fresh adjudication. He is directed to provide
necessary information to the assessee about the difference. Effective Ground No.3 (GOA7-
12) is decided in favour of the assessee, in part.
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3601/M/14 ExxonMobil Company India Private Limited 5.Last effective Ground of appeal is about transfer pricing adjustments. During the
assessment proceedings the AO found that the assessee had entered into International
Transactions (IT.s) with its Associated Enterprises (AE.s).He made a reference to the
Transfer Pricing Authority (TPO) who determines the Arms Length Price (ALP) of such
transactions.The TPO ,during the TP proceedings noted that IT.s included Technical Services
(TS) rendered by the assessee and back office support services (BOSS), that it had entered
into two agreements with its AE.s for providing technical services namely ExxonMobil
Chemical Asia Pacific Pte.Ltd.(EMCAP) and technical representation agreement entered with
ExxonMobil Research and Engg Co.,that the Bangalore Research and Development
Technology Centre (BRDTC) was set up for carrying out technical services, that AE.s were
reimbursing the entire cost for running the BRDTC, that under the second agreement the
assessee was paid US $ 40,000 per annum + 5% of royalty payment received by AIR in
respect of execution of processed licence agreement exceeding US $8,00,000 per calender
year. He further found that the assessee had achieved a margin of 6.24% from technical
services, that it had suo motu computed the arms length price at 16% and offered the
difference at approx 10% to tax, as income from technical services.Out of the comparable
selected by the assessee he rejected two comparables namely Neeman Medical International
Asia Ltd. (NMIAL) and Pfizer Ltd. (Service Segment). He added TCG Life Science Limited
as one of the comparables. He considered OP by TC of the following 8 companies which was
23.79%, as final comparable set. The working the same is given below:-
SN. Name of the Company OP/TC 1. Alphageo (India) Ltd. 41.05% 2. Choksi Laboratories Ltd. 29.95% 3. Dolphin Medical Services Ltd. 2.24% 4. Medinova Diagnostic Services Ltd. 4.47% 5. N.G. Industries Ltd. 21.56% 6. Vimta Labs Ltd. 15.84% 7. TCG Lifesciences Ltd. 29.97% 8. Transgene Biotech Ltd.-Diagnostic Services 38.21% Arithmetic Mean 23.79%
Accordingly,he proposed an adjustment of Rs.81.51 lakhs under head TS as under :-

Particulars Year ended 31/03/2008 Total cost 5,92,43,957 OP/TC as per comparable @ 23.79% Total income as per comparable (A) 1,40,94,137 Actual income of BRDTC (B) NIL Difference (C)=(A)-(B) 1,40,94,137 Adjustment offered by assessee to tax (D ) 59,34,376 Amount of adjustment total income (E)=(A)-(B) 81,59,761 8 3601/M/14 ExxonMobil Company India Private Limited He found that the assessee had selected TNMM as the most appropriate method for
benchmarking its BOSS transactions, that it had selected 14 comparables after considering 2-
3 years weighted average .It had considered the PLI (OP/Cost) to 14.91%, it was claimed that
margin earned by the assessee in BOSS segment was more than the comparable companies.
He rejected all the comparables selected by the assessee and issued it a show cause notice
asking the assessee as to why a list of 22 comparables with a margin of 27.53% should not
be considered for determining the ALP. After considering the submission of the assessee the
TPO applied set of 22 comparables for the purpose of benchmarking the transaction arriving
at an arithmetic mean of 27.53%. The final set considered by the TPO is tabulated below:-
SN. Company Name OP/TC% Remarks
1. Accentia Technologies Ltd.(Seg.) 41.76 Introduced by the TPO
2. Acropetal Technologies (Seg.) 35.3 Introduced by the TPO
3. Aditya Birla Minacs Worldwide Ltd. 2.2 Introduced by the TPO
4. Asit.C.Mehta Financial Services Ltd. Seg. 9.42 Introduced by the TPO
5. Caliber Point Business solutions Ltd. 10.97 comparable accepted by TPO
6. Coral Hubs Ltd 50.68 Introduced by the TPO
7. Cosmic Global Ltd. 23.3 comparable accepted by TPO
8. Crossdomain Solutions Ltd. 26.96 Introduced by the TPO
9. Datamatics Financial services Ltd.(Seg.) 34.87 Introduced by the TPO
10 E4e Healthcare Solutions Ltd. 16.72 Introduced by the TPO
11. Eclerx Services Ltd. 65.88 Introduced by the TPO
12. Genesys International Corporation Ltd. 47.4 Introduced by the TPO
13. HCL Comnet System & Services Ltd.Seg. 32.9 Introduced by the TPO
14. Infosys BPO Ltd. 20.01 Introduced by the TPO
15. Iservices India Pvt.Ltd. 9.58 Introduced by the TPO
16. Jindal Intellcom Pvt.Ltd. -8.66 Introduced by the TPO
17. Maple eSolutions Ltd. 20.43 Introduced by the TPO
18 Mold-Tek Technologies Ltd. 96.66 Introduced by the TPO
19. R Systems International (seg.) 4.3 Introduced by the TPO
20. Spanco Ltd.(Seg.) 11.04 comparable accepted by TPO
21. Triton Corpn. Ltd. 23.81 comparable accepted by TPO
22. Wipro Ltd.(Seg.) 30.05 Introduced by the TPO
Arithmetic Mean 27.53
Accordingly,the TPO proposed an addition of Rs.76.58 lakhs for the BOSS transactions.

5.1.During the appellate proceedings the assessee made detailed submissions before the FAA
and relied upon certain case laws.It was argued that while calculating the margins of
comparables the TPO had taken wrong margins, that after considering the correct margin of
the comparables the margin would be 23.94% against 27.53% as adopted by TPO, that out of
22 comparables 4 companies- namely Coral Hubs Ltd.,(50.68%), Eclerx Services Ltd.
(50.41%), Genesys International Corporation Ltd.(47.3%) and Mold Tek Technologies Ltd.
(96.66%)- had abnormally high margins, that after removing companies with abnormally
high margins the revised average margin would come to 15.61 %, that various Tribunal 9 3601/M/14 ExxonMobil Company India Private Limited ruling had excluded Accentia Technologies Ltd., (segment), Acropetal Technologies
(segment), Coral Hubs Ltd.,Crossdomain Solutions Ltd., Eclerx Services Ltd.,Genesys
International Corporation Ltd.,HCL Comnet Systems and Services Ltd.(segment) and Mold
Tek Technologies Ltd., that if the above referred companies were removed from final list the
revised average margin of comparables would be 10.68% it was also argued that TPO had
selected companies that were not functionally comparable with the assessee, that he had
ignored the extra ordinary events like acquisition the amalgamation and mergers of some of
the comparables, that he had selected the comparables having RPT of more that 10%, the
assessee also raised objections about working capital adjustment and risk adjustments 5.2.We find that while deciding appeal for the earlier year the Tribunal had deliberated upon
inclusion of Pfizer in the final list of comparables.Relevant portion of the order of the
Tribunal reads as under :-
5. Learned Authorised Representative submitted, this company is functionally similar to assessee, hence, should not have been rejected as a comparable. He submitted, in assessee’s own case for assessment year 2006-07, the DRP has accepted this company as comparable. He submitted, even the Transfer Pricing Officer in assessee’s own case for assessment year 2009-10 and 2010- 11, has accepted this company as a comparable. He submitted, there being no difference in fact there is no reason why it should be rejected as comparable in the impugned assessment year. In this context, he drew our attention to DRP’s order for the assessment year 2006-07 as placed in the paper book. The learned Departmental Representative drawing our attention to the annual report of the company submitted that none of the segments can compare to the technical service segment of the assessee which is basically in the nature of ITES (Information Technology Enabled Services). Drawing our attention to the financial statement of the company, he submitted, it has huge unallocated expenditure for which reason the Transfer Pricing Officer has excluded the company. Further, he submitted, the company has a financial year different from the assessee, therefore, cannot be considered as comparable.
Findings:-
As could be seen, the Transfer Pricing Officer has rejected this company as a comparable basically for the following reasons:-
i) The sales relating to service segment as a percentage of total sales works out to only 3.48%. Hence, the revenue earned from service segment is insignificant;
ii) The unallocated expenditure of the company exceeds the revenue earned from the service segment;
iii) If operating profit margin to sales ratio of the company is considered without considering unallocated expenditure, the OP/TC ratio will come against the assessee.
7.From a perusal of the notes to the financial statements for the relevant financial year it is noticed that the company has maintained its accounts segment-wise and the Revenue earned from service segment has been separately shown. Therefore, it cannot be said that it is not having any service segment to consider as a comparable with the assessee. Moreover, as noted by us, the DRP in assessee’s own case for immediately preceding assessment year 2006-07 has accepted this company as a comparable after verifying annual accounts. Further, the Transfer Pricing Officer himself in assessee’s own case for Assessment Year 2009-10 and 2010-11 has accepted this company as a comparable. In fact, in assessee’s own case for assessment year 2005-06, the Tribunal in ITA no.8798/Mum./2011, dated 27.10.2017, has accepted this company as comparable. Therefore, even applying the rule of consistency, this company should be considered as a comparable to the assessee.”
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3601/M/14 ExxonMobil Company India Private Limited As far as NMIAL is concerned, we find that the Tribunal had held that it was not a good
comparable.We are reproducing the order of the Tribunal which reads as follows :-
10. Learned Authorised Representative submitted, the Transfer Pricing Officer has excluded this company only for the reason that it is a consistent loss making company and has not looked into any other aspects. He submitted, only because a company has suffered loss would not make it un- comparable to the assessee. However, he fairly submitted that the Tribunal in assessee’s own case for assessment year 2006-07, upheld the rejection of this company.
11. Learned Departmental Representative supported the findings of the Transfer Pricing Officer and the DRP.
12. We have heard rival contentions and perused the material available on record. The facts on record reveal that this company has incurred loss year after year including the impugned assessment year. Therefore, there is no doubt that it is a consistent loss making company. In fact, for this very reason, the Tribunal in assessee’s own case for assessment year 2006-07 in ITA no.8311/Mum./2010 dated 10th June 2011, has upheld rejection of this company. That being the case,we do not find any reason to interfere with the decision of the Departmental Authorities on this issue.”
Therefore,we hold that Pfizer should be included in the list of the comparables and NIMA has
to be excluded from the list.AO/TPO is directed to determine the ALP of TS accordingly.

5.3.In the BOSS Segment the Tribunal has, while deciding the appeal for the earlier AY.,
deliberated upon inclusion /exclusion of following comparables-
HCL Comnet Systems & Services Ltd.;Apex Knowledge Solutions Pvt.Ltd.;Informed
Technologies India Ltd.;Mold-Tek Technologies Ltd.(SEG);Bodhtree Consulting Ltd.(SEG.);
Asit C. Mehta Financial Service Ltd.;ICRA Technical Analysis;Vishal Information
Technologies Ltd.The order of the Tribunal reads as under :-
HCL COMNET SYSTEMS & SERVICES LTD.
APEX KNOWLEDGE SOLUTIONS PVT. LTD.
14. Seeking exclusion of these two companies, the learned Authorised Representative submitted that both these companies are having Related Party Transaction (RPT) exceeding the threshold limit of more than 15%. Therefore, he submitted that these companies should be excluded.
15. Learned Departmental Representative relied upon the observations of the Transfer Pricing Officer and the DRP.
16. We have heard rival contentions and perused the material available on record. As per assessee’s own submissions, the related party transaction in case of HCL Comnet Systems & Services Ltd. is 22.37%. In many of the orders including the orders where the Judicial Member is a party, threshold limit of related party transaction has been accepted at more than 25%. That being the case, we are of the view that HCL Comnet Systems & Services Ltd. cannot be excluded on account of high related party transaction. However, as far as Apex Knowledge Solutions Pvt. Ltd. is concerned, the learned Authorised Representative submitted that the related party transaction in case of this company is 104.38%. It is observed, in the search process adopted by the Transfer Pricing Officer to select comparables one of the criterion is to exclude companies who have more than 25% related party transaction. Therefore, if the related party transaction of Apex Knowledge Solutions Pvt. Ltd. is more than the RPT filter applied by 11 3601/M/14 ExxonMobil Company India Private Limited the Transfer Pricing Officer, it cannot be treated as comparable to the assessee.
Therefore, we direct the Assessing Officer to examine this fact and decide accordingly.
INFORMED TECHNOLOGIES INDIA LTD.
e-CLERX SERVICES LTD.
MOULDTEK TECHNOLOGIES LTD. (SEG)
17. Learned Authorised Representative submitted, Informed Technologies India Ltd. is
not comparable to the assessee as it is providing knowledge process outsourcing (KPO)
services whereas the assessee is providing Business Process Outsourcing (BPO). To
buttress his aforesaid argument, the learned Authorised Representative drew our
attention to the annual report of Informed Technologies India Ltd. at Page-452 of the
paper book. Referring to the directors report, he submitted that this company is
providing knowledge based services, therefore, it cannot be treated with the back office
support service provided by the assessee.
18. As far as this company is concerned, as per the order of the Transfer Pricing Officer
it appears that the assessee objected to the inclusion of the aforesaid company on the
ground that its related party transaction is higher than the threshold limit of 15%. It is
not forthcoming from the order of the Transfer Pricing Officer whether at the stage of
transfer pricing proceedings, the assessee has objected to selection of the aforesaid
company as comparable on the ground that it is a KPO service provider. Even if such an
objection has been raised by the assessee it has not been considered either by the
Transfer Pricing Officer or by the DRP. Therefore, we direct the Assessing Officer to
examine whether this company is a KPO service provider and if it is found so the
company should be excluded from the list of comparables.
19. As far as ., e-Clerx Services Ltd. is concerned, in the course of transfer pricing
proceedings, the assessee did object to inclusion of this company on the ground that it is
a KPO service provider. However,the Transfer Pricing Officer without properly
considering the objection of the assessee has selected this company which has been
upheld by the DRP without proper application of mind. It is relevant to observe in a
number of decisions of different Benches of this Tribunal, it has been held that e-Clerx
Services Ltd. being a KPO service provider is not comparable to BPO service provider.
In this context, we may refer to following decisions of the Tribunal, Hyderabad Bench:-
i) Capital IQ Information Systems India Pvt. Ltd. v/s DCIT, [2013] 32 taxmann.com 21;
and ii) HSBC Electronic Data Processing India Pvt. Ltd. v/s ACIT, [2014] 52
taxmann.com 136.
20. In fact, in case of Rampgreen Solution Pvt. Ltd., 377 ITR 533, the Hon’ble Delhi
High Court referring to the decision of the Tribunal, Hyderabad Bench, in case of
Capital IQ Information Systems Pvt. Ltd. (supra), has held that e-Clerx Services Ltd.
being a KPO service provider cannot be compared to BPO service provider. In view of
the aforesaid, we direct the Assessing Officer to exclude e-Clerx Services Ltd. from the
list of comparables.
21. As far as Mouldtek Technologies Ltd. (SEG) is concerned, it is observed in the
course of transfer pricing proceedings, the assessee has objected to inclusion of this
company by specifically stating that it is engaged in providing KPO services in the field
of engineering services involving structural engineering drawing using 3D/2D software.
Further, in the relevant previous year, it has issued initial publication offering. Further,
as per the annual report of this company, the I.T. Division has been specifically
mentioned as KPO division. Further, in the relevant previous year, the company has
acquired an overseas KPO company which is evident from the annual report of the 12 3601/M/14 ExxonMobil Company India Private Limited company. The aforesaid factors have been totally ignored by the Transfer Pricing
Officer and the DRP while selecting / retaining the aforesaid company which, in our
view, is not correct. In fact, while considering the comparability of the aforesaid
company in case of Capital IQ Information Systems India Pvt. ltd. and HSBC Electronic
Data Processing India Pvt. Ltd. (supra) for the very same assessment year, the Tribunal
has held that this company cannot be considered as comparable to a BPO service
provider as it is a KPO company. In view of the aforesaid, we direct the Assessing
Officer to exclude this company from the list of comparables.

BODHTREE CONSULTING LTD. (SEG)
22. Learned Authorised Representative objecting to the inclusion of the aforesaid
information submitted that the company is involved in software development, hence, not
comparable to the assessee. Drawing our attention to the annual report of the company
at Page- 15 481 of the paper book, he submitted that the company has only one segment
i.e., software development segment, whereas, the assessee is providing back office
support service. He, therefore, sought exclusion of the aforesaid company from the list of
comparables.
23. Learned Departmental Representative relied upon the observations of the Transfer
Pricing Officer and the DRP.
24. As could be seen from the observations of the Transfer Pricing Officer in his order,
the assessee sought exclusion of this company on the ground of extra ordinary profit.
However, before us, the learned Counsel for the assessee submitted that the company is
functionally different from the assessee as it is engaged in software development.
Further, on a perusal of the director’s report forming part of the annual report of this
company, a copy of which is at Page-481 of the paper book, it is stated that the company
has only one segment which is software development. Considering the aforesaid factor,
the Tribunal, Hyderabad Bench, in case of HSBC Electronic Data Processing India Pvt.
Ltd. (supra), directed the Assessing Officer to examine this aspect. In view of the
aforesaid, we direct the Assessing Officer to examine the functionality of this company
and exclude the same if it is found that the company is engaged in the software
development.
ASIT C. MEHTA FINANCIAL SERVICE LTD.
25. Learned Counsel for the assessee objected to selection of this company as a
comparable on the ground that the company lacks segmental details. Further, he
submitted that the company has a low employee cost of 24.78%, hence, cannot be
comparable to the assessee.
26. Learned Departmental Representative relied upon the findings of the Transfer
Pricing Officer and the DRP.
27. We have heard rival contentions and perused the material available on record. As
could be seen in the course of transfer pricing proceedings, in response to the show
cause notice issued by the Transfer Pricing Officer the assessee has accepted this
company as a comparable. Further, it appears before the DRP also, the assessee has not
specifically objected to the exclusion of this company. Thus, it is evident, the
Departmental Authorities never had any occasion to examine the contention now raised
before us by the assessee. That being the case, we are inclined to restore the issue
relating to the comparability of this company to the Assessing Officer / Transfer Pricing
Officer for fresh adjudication.
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3601/M/14 ExxonMobil Company India Private Limited ICRA TECHNICAL ANALYSIS
28. Objecting to the selection of this company, learned Counsel for the assessee
submitted that the company is also in the field of software development and the
segmental details relating to software development segment and service segment are not
available. Therefore, due to lack of relevant information / data, it cannot be considered
as a comparable.
29. Learned Departmental Representative relied upon the observations of the Transfer
Pricing Officer and the DRP.
30. We have heard rival contentions and perused the material available on record. As
per the annual report of this company, a copy of which is at Page-446 of the paper book
it appears that the company has two reportable segments viz., software development
segment and sales and service segment. However, the financial statement of the company
are in consolidated form and do not reveal segment-wise data. We, therefore, direct the
Assessing Officer to examine this aspect and exclude this company as a comparable if
relevant segmental data relating to both the segments are not available.
VISHAL INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
31. Objecting to the inclusion of this company, the learned Counsel for the assessee
submitted that the company cannot be considered as a comparable to the assessee since
it is functionally different as it out sources major part of work relating to service
segment to third parties which is evident form its low employee cost as reflected in the
annual report for the relevant assessment year a copy of which is at Page- 471 of the
paper book.
32. Learned Departmental Representative relied upon the findings of the Transfer
Pricing Officer and the DRP.
33. We have heard rival contentions and perused the material available on record. As
far as comparability of this company is concerned, the issue is now fairly well settled
that it cannot be considered as a comparable because of its functional difference. It is
evident from facts on record that this company does not carry out the activity relating to
service segment itself but out sources the entire work to third parties. This is evident
from low employee cost of the company. Considering the aforesaid aspect different
Benches of the Tribunal have unanimously held that the company cannot be considered
as a comparable. In this context, we may refer to the decision of the Tribunal,
Hyderabad Bench, in Capital IQ Information System Pvt. Ltd. and HSBC Electronic
Data Processing Pvt. Ltd. (supra). In fact, taking note of the aforesaid factual position,
the Hon’ble Delhi High Court in Ramp Green Solutions Pvt. Ltd. (supra), has held that
this company cannot be considered as a comparable. In view of the aforesaid, we direct
the Assessing Officer to exclude this company as a comparable.
34. It is relevant to note in the course of hearing, learned Authorised Representative
contended before us that the Transfer Pricing Officer has wrongly computed the margin
of the comparable companies under both the segments. In this context, he drew our
attention to the working of the correct margin as submitted in two separate charts. We
direct the Assessing Officer to examine the aforesaid aspect and compute the arm’s
length price under both the segments by correctly computing the margin of the
comparables.
35. One more contention of the assessee before us relates to working capital adjustment
and risk adjustment.
36. Learned Authorised Representative submitted before us that in its transfer pricing
study assessee has provided for working capital adjustment and risk adjustment on a 14 3601/M/14 ExxonMobil Company India Private Limited reasonable and scientific basis which was not properly considered either by the Transfer Pricing Officer or by the DRP. After considering the submissions of the parties, we direct the Assessing Officer to consider assessee’s claim with regard to working capital adjustment & risk adjustment and decide the same after providing due opportunity of being heard. These grounds are partly allowed.”
5.4.If we consider the comparables for assessment year 2007-08 and 2008-09, the following picture will emerge:-

SN. Comparable Companies Comparables as per TP Order AY. 2007-08 AY. 2008-09 1. Accentia Technologies Ltd.(Seg.) 2. Acropetal Technologies (Seg.) 3. Aditya Birla Minacs Worldwide Ltd.(formerly known as Transwork Information Services Ltd.) 4. Allsec Technologies Ltd. 5. Apex Knowledge Solutions Pvt.Ltd. 6. Apollo Healthstreet Ltd. 7. Asit C. Mehta Financial Services Ltd.(Seg) 8. Bodhtree Consulting Ltd.(Seg.) 9. Caliber Point Business Solutions Ltd. 10. Cosmic Global Ltd. 11. Crossdomain Solutions Ltd. 12. Datamatics Financial Services Ltd.(Seg.) 13. e4e Healthcare Solutions Ltd. 14. Eclerx Services Ltd. 15. Flextronics Software Systems Ltd.(Seg.) 16. Genesys International Corporation Ltd. 17. HCL Comnet System & Services Limited (Seg.) 18. ICRA Techno Analytics Ltd.(Seg.) 19. Informed Technologies India Ltd. 20. Infosys BPO Ltd. 21. Iservices India Ltd. 22. Jindal Intellicom Pvt.Ltd. 23. Maple Esolutions Ltd. 24. Mold-Tek Technologies Ltd.(Seg.) 25. R Systems International (Seg.) 26. Spanco Ltd.(Seg.) 27. Triton Corp Ltd. 28. Vishal Information Technologies Ltd.(Coral Hubs) 29. Wipro Ltd.(Seg.) Considering the above,we are of the opinion that to determine the ALP of the IT.s entered into by the assessee with its AE.s,under the head BOSS,further verification is required.

Therefore, in the interest of justice,we are restoring back the issue to the file of the AO /TPO.

The ALP has to be decided after considering the order of the Tribunal for the assessment year 2007-08 (supra). We direct the Assessing Officer/TPO to afford a reasonable opportunity of 15 3601/M/14 ExxonMobil Company India Private Limited hearing to the assessee.Last effective Ground of appeal is decided in favour of the assessee,in part.

As a result, appeal filed by the assessee stands partly allowed. फलतः िनधा रती ारा दािखल क गई अपील अंशतः मंजूर क जाती है. Order pronounced in the open court on 23rd May , 2018 आदेश क घोषणा खुले यायालय म दनांक 23 मई, 2018 को क गई । (संदीप गोसांई / Sandeep Gosain) (राजे#$ / Rajendra) Sd/- Sd/- #याियक सद&य / JUDICIAL MEMBER लेखा सद य / ACCOUNTANT MEMBER
मुंबई Mumbai; दनांक/Dated : 23.05.2018.
Jv.Sr.PS.
आदेश क ितिलिप अ ेिषत/Copy of the Order forwarded to :
1.Appellant /अपीलाथ 2. Respondent / यथ 3.The concerned CIT(A)/संब अपीलीय आयकर आयु , 4.The concerned CIT /संब आयकर आयु 5.DR “K ” Bench, ITAT, Mumbai /िवभागीय ितिनिध, खंडपीठ,आ.अ. याया.मुंबई
6.Guard File/गाड फाईल स यािपत ित //True Copy// आदेशानुसार/ BY ORDER, उप/सहायक पंजीकार Dy./Asst. Registrar आयकर अपीलीय अिधकरण, मुंबई /ITAT, Mumbai.
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